"The Significance of Gender in the Attitudes and Sexual Behaviour of Croatian Adolescents - Report on the Findings of the Urgently Claiming the Future: Focus on Gender for Safer Sexual Relationships Research Project" is the title of the published report of two-year long research on adolescent sexuality. Research has been conducted on the sample of 995 young men and women, 16 and 17 years of age in the four cities in the Republic of Croatia. This research intends to explore gender perceptions and attitudes of young people, and the ways in which they influence sexual risk behaviours. The research findings stress the need for incorporating gender perspective in educational and prevention programmes aimed at reducing sexual risks and improving sexual health with the objective of realisation sucessfull and equal interpersonal relationships. Publication is aimed at research and educational institutions and nongovernmental organizations. Publication is available in Croatian and English language. Policy brief based on the research results can also be downloaded.